Prior to the development of radiocarbon datingit was difficult to tell when an archaeological artifact came from. Unless something was obviously attributable to a specific year -- say a dated coin or known piece of artwork -- then whoever discovered it had to do quite a bit of guesstimating to get a proper age for the item. The excavator might employ relative dating, using objects located stratigraphically read: buried at the same depth close to each other, or he or she might compare historical styles to see if there were similarities to a previous find. But by using these imprecise methods, archeologists were often way off.
Measurement of objects, how half-life, i.
Comparisons between the observed abundance of certain naturally occurring radioactive isotopes and their decay products, using known decay rates, can be used to measure timescales ranging from before the birth of the Earth to the present. For example measuring the ratio of stable and radioactive isotopes in meteorites can give us information on their history and provenance. Radiometric dating techiques were pioneered by Bertram Boltwood inwhen he was the first to establish the age of rocks by measuring the decay products of the uranium to lead. Carbon is the basic building block of organic compounds and is therefore an essential part of life on earth.
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